When you look at the for each and every instance, all the questions worried about one another face-to-deal with and online matchmaking

When you look at the for each and every instance, all the questions worried about one another face-to-deal with and online matchmaking


To help you gauge the sized the newest circle away from face-to-face friends, those things from the Happiness Questionnaire Screen (Helliwell and Huang, 2013) were utilized: “Approximately exactly how many family have you got?.” Which concern is actually responded towards a scale of 1 less than 5 family unit members so you can 5 more fifty members of the family. Practical question to assess the dimensions of online friend sites try equivalent (Helliwell and you will Huang, 2013): “Just as much as how many family unit members do you have on the Myspace?” but the impulse size try other, between step 1 lower than 50 to eight more a lot of.

All the questions towards top-notch relationships found in the brand new Eu Public Survey have been adjusted to evaluate top-notch deal with-to-face and online see it here relationships. The questions was indeed: “How many individuals are you experiencing which have the person you is speak about sexual and private issues?” and “Just how many of them people are your own Myspace nearest and dearest?.” The new impulse size ranged from just one (none) to eight (ten or more).

A principle components analysis with an oblique rotation was performed on the four friendship items. Examination of the Kaiser–Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy (KMO = 0.511) and of the Bartlett’s test of sphericity (? 2 (6) = , p 2 (30) = ; p = 0.001) and Facebook friends’ observed variables (? 2 (49) = ; p = 0.003) are related to each other. Factor scores were used as indexes of friendship in the analyses.


To help you determine physical health, as well as the imagined health item commonly utilized in global studies (e.g., Eriksson et al., 2001 – “How do you speed your health generally speaking” with answers for the a 5-section measure, ranging from decent to help you very bad) the newest five items of new future health dimensions of the County regarding Fitness Survey SF-thirty six (Ware and you can Sherbourne, 1992) was in fact integrated. An example of all the questions was: “We appear to get sick a small simpler than other people.” These items was basically replied towards the an excellent 5-section level, between step 1 surely not true to help you 5 seriously true. The 5 facts displayed a sufficient accuracy (? = 0.72) therefore the average of five products are calculated because the signal out of care about-stated physical health.

Psychological state is actually assessed thru four activities regarding the SF-thirty-six (Ware and you can Sherbourne, 1992). A good example are “How frequently have you ever noticed really nervous over the past 4 weeks?.” These types of questions have been answered on the a 5-area scale, anywhere between not to usually. Due to the fact number of interior texture of the items try a good (? = 0.80), this new indication from psychological state try determined, averaging the new answers these types of four questions.

The assessment of subjective well-being was performed with two items (r = 0.722; p 2 (5) = ; p 2 (25) = ; p 2 (30) = ; p 2 (30) = ; p 2 (35) = ; p 1 (Figure 1). More specifically, we tested whether bridging and bonding social capital mediated the relationships among face-to-face friendship and health, as the direct pathway between Facebook friends and health proved not to be significant, ? = 0.09, p = 0.192. Age, gender, education, subjective SES, self-esteem, and living alone effects were controlled. Missing data were handled with listwise deletion.

The direct pathway between face-to-face friendship and health was totally mediated by bonding and bridging social capital. For the mediation of bonding, we found significant paths between friendship and bonding, ? = 0.18, t = 5.59, p 2 (6) = , p 2 (64) = ; p 2 (64) = ; p 2 /DF 0.95; CFI > 0.95; RMSEA 2 (5) = ; p 2 (25) = ; p = 0.039] and close friends [? 2 (30) = ; p = 0.028] than the older participants. The other side of the coin reveals that 9.8% of the respondents claimed to have less than five friends and around 8% affirmed having no close friends at all. Regarding older participants, aged 55 years or above, 8.3% referred to not having anyone to speak to about intimate issues and 9.9% indicated having only one intimate friend.

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